Saint Agnes of Rome
292 - 304
Memorial: January 21
Also known as: Saint Ines
Saint Agnes was a member of the Roman nobility born January 28, 292 in Rome, Italy and raised in a Christian family. Her name means "pure" in Greek and "lamb" in Latin. She was a beautiful virgin who turned away all suitors, declaring that she could have no spouse but Jesus. Many young men wanted to marry her. She said that to do so would be an insult to her heavenly Spouse, that she would keep her consecrated virginity intact, accept death, and see Christ. Living as a Christian in the time of the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian, she was under constant threat of torture and death.
Among those she refused was the son of the prefect Sempronius. This prefect wished Agnes to marry his son, and on Agnes' second refusal he reported her to the authorities as being a Christian and condemned her to death. Roman law did not permit the execution of virgins. Legends tell of her being thrown into a brothel, where her purity was miraculously preserved. The only man who attempted to violate her was the son of the prefect. He struck blind, but Saint Agnes healed him with prayer. The prefect heard what happened to his son and ran to the brothel, accusing Agnes. He then wanted to let Agnes go, but fearing being banished, put a lieutenant in his place who first tried to kill Agnes by a fire which didn't harm her, and then ended up killing her with a sword. She became a martyr at the age of 12. She died on January 21, 304 in Rome, Italy.
Saint Agnes is buried beside the Via Nomentana in Rome. It is said that her execution shocked many Romans and helped bring an end to the persecutions.
Soon after her death, Agnes became a favorite saint. One of Emperor Constantine's daughters built a church at the site of Agnes' grave. The wool of two lambs is blessed at the Church of Saint Agnes in Rome. This wool is then woven into the pallium (stole of white wool) which the pope wears and confers on archbishops as a symbol of their respective jurisdiction. Her virginity and heroism are renowned, and her name occurs in the prayer "Nobis quoque peccatoribus," in the Canon of the Mass.
Patron Saint: betrothed couples; chastity; Children of Mary; engaged couples; gardeners; Girl Scouts; girls; rape victims; virgins
Prayer to Saint Agnes of Rome
Christ Jesus, Saint Agnes was only a teenager when she had to decide between life and dying for You. She had been ordered to sacrifice her virginity to pagan gods, and she sacrificed her life instead. Since she is the patron saint of engaged couples, I ask her to intercede for all the folks I know who are dating, planning to get married, divorced and lonely, co-habitating, married without the Sacrament, and everyone else who is facing the temptation of sexual relations outside of marriage. Help them to grow in their intimacy with You, and teach them to rely on You to remain pure and chaste. Saint Agnes, pray for us.