Our Lady of Aparecida
Patroness of Brazil
Also known as: Our Lady Who Appeared
Feast: October 12
Brazil is the largest Roman Catholic country in the world. In October of 1717, Dom Pedro de Almedida, Count of Assumar, was on his way to the state of Minas Gerais from Sao Paulo. He would have to pass by Guarantinqueta, a small city in the Paraiba river valley. The people of Guarantinqueta decided to hold a great feast to honor the Count, and a lot of fish would be needed. Among the fishermen were three men who always prayed to Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception -- Domingos Garcia, Joco Alves, and Felipe Pedroso. Before going out to fish, they asked God to help then in this difficult task, to find enough fish at this time when no fish were available. Felipe knelt and prayed, along with his companions, "Mother of God and our Mother, we need to find fish!" After many hours of catching nothing, the fishermen were very depressed. Joco cast his net once more near the Port of Itaguagu, but instead of fish, he hauled in the body of a statue. The three cast their net again, and brought up the statue's head. After cleaning the statue they found that it was Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception. Naming their find Our Lady Aparecida, they wrapped it in cloth and continued to fish; now their nets were full.
Domingo commented, "We worked all night and have found no fish!" Felipe had a proposition: "Let's continue to fish with faith in the Virgin Aparecida (who appeared)." From this moment on, the net became very full with fish. This was the first miracle of Our Lady of Aparecida. Felipe Pedroso, partner of Joao Alves, took the statue to his house and started the veneration of Our Lady with his family and neighbours. In 1732, he moved to Porto Itaguassu and took the statue to its first shrine, which was built by his son Atanasio. Travelers spread out the fame of Our Lady Aparecida and the pilgrims started to come. The people decided to build a bigger church in the top of a hill near Porto Itaguassu to shelter the statue. The church was opened in 1745 when the statue was brought in from its former site and the village of Aparecida was born, as a district of Guaratingueta.
It is not known how the statue came to rest at the bottom of the river, but its artist is known, Frei Agostino de Jesus, a carioca monk from Sao Paulo known for his sculpture. The image was less than three feet tall, was made around 1650, and must have stayed submerged in the river for many years because it lost its original polychromy. The image is now a brilliant dark brown color, and is covered by a stiff mantle of richly embroidered thick cloth, allowing only her face and hands to be seen. She wears on her head the imperial crown with precious stones with which she was crowned in 1904. In 1930 Pope Pius XII proclaimed her principal patroness of Brazil.
Her feast on October 12 is a national holiday. Pope John Paul II himself blessed the shrine in 1980. A few days before the visit someone got hold of the statue and threw it forcibly on the floor. Although the frail image was broken into many pieces, the loving and careful work of several artists put it together again and the Virgin, "Aparecida" returned to her niche in the Basilica. Now Aparecida is yearly visited by more than 5 million pilgrims. Our Lady Aparecida is in the heart of every Brazilian. Many people are named Aparecida or Aparecido, alone or combined with Maria, Jose and other names. The name is also part of the Brazilian colloquial vocabulary, as an exclamation of surprise.
Catholic Church official odmits Seventeenth Maria Appearance
Archbishop Ramon Cabrera Argüelles has with a decree the Marian Apparitions to the young religious Teresita Castillo in Lipa, a town South of Manila, officially recognized. Mary appeared there between september 12 and november 12, 1948 in total a dozen times to the then 21-year-old novice in the monastery of Mount Carmel in Lipa. Maria introduced herself as ' Maria Mediator of all grace '.
In his decree, prior approval by the Congregation for the doctrine of the faith was submitted, recognizes the Archbishop of Lipa the appearances as supernatural and as a sign of faith. At a first preliminary research in 1951 became the supernatural character of the appearances not yet recognized. But in 2005, Archbishop Argüelles, a promoter of the Marian devotions, a new survey.
The apparitions in Lipa are the seventeenth Marian Apparitions that officially recognized by the Catholic Church.
Prayer to Our Lady of Aparecida
O incomparable Lady of the Aparecida Conception, Mother of God, Queen of Angels, Advocate of Sinners, Refuge and Consolation of the Afflicted and Troubled, most holy Virgin, full of power and goodness, cast a favourable glance in our direction so that we may be helped in all our needs. Remember, most Clement Mother of Aparecida, that it has never been known that anyone who sought your help, invoking your name and imploring your singular protection, was ever abandoned.
Encouraged by this confidence, I turn to you, accepting you for once and always as my Mother and protector, my consolation and guide, my hope and light at the hour of my death.
Please, Lady, free us from everything that might offend you and your most holy Son, my Redeemer and Lord Jesus Christ. Blessed Virgin, keep this your unworthy servant and this house and those who live here from plague, hunger, war, assault, lightning, storms, floods, accidents and other perils and bad things that might plague us.
Sovereign Lady, please guide us in all spiritual and temporal things; free us from the devil’s temptations so that, following the way of virtue and by the merits of your purest virginity and the most precious Blood of your Son , we may be able to see, love and enjoy you in the eternal glory, for ever and ever.