Lady of Walsingham
The Virgin by the Sea
story begins in the year 1061 in a small village in North
Norfolk, in England, near the North Sea,
in the reign of Edward the Confessor over 900 years ago. During the days
immediately preceding the Norman Invasion there lived a devout young widow,
Richeldis de Faverches, Lady of the Manor of Walsingham.
It was in that year 1061 in Walsingham, that Our Lady appeared to
that young widow. It is said, that she appeared three times in a vision and each time
showed to Richeldis the house in which the Holy Family had dwelt in Nazareth.
Mary requested that Richeldis build a replica of this house in Walsingham. To
Richeldis, Our Lady said: "Do all this unto my special praise and honor. And all
who are in any way distressed or in need, let them seek me here in that little
house you have made at Walsingham. To all that seek me there shall be given
succor. And there at Walsingham in this little house shall be held in
remembrance the great joy of my salutation when Saint Gabriel told me I should
through humility become the Mother of God's Son."
In the Middle Ages, Walsingham became one of the greatest pilgrimage sites in
all of Europe. A church was constructed around the house to protect it from the
elements. From Britain, Ireland, and the continent of Europe, people came to the
shrine, from all walks of life: peasant, king, rich and poor. At the Holy House,
all were equal. From the time of Henry III in 1226, almost every king and queen
of England as well as Queen Isabella of France, and King Robert Bruce of
Scotland visited the shrine. In the early 1500s, Henry VIII visited the Holy
House of Walsingham more than once as a pilgrim. On one such occasion he walked
barefoot twice the usual distance traversed by penitents. But Henry's ways
changed as the years passed. In his effort to be rid of his wife, Queen
Catherine, and marry another, the king broke with the Holy See and had himself
declared by his parliament to be the head of the English Church. Then, in 1538,
Henry, about to move against all religious orders in his domains, confiscated
and burned the Holy House of Our Lady of Walsingham. The magnificent priory
church adjacent to it fell into ruin so that only a portion of the massive east
wall is visible today. Of the Holy House itself, archeologists have found
remnants of its foundation beneath a thin layer of ash on a rectangular knoll
near the ruins of the priory church.
But a wealthy Anglican woman, Charlotte Boyd, in the nineteenth century
commenced the restoration of the shrine, just as another wealthy woman had
initially endowed it in the eleventh century.
For pilgrims traveling from London to Walsingham, the last stopping place had
been a chapel about a mile away known as the "Slipper Chapel," because they left
their shoes there before walking barefoot the last mile to the shrine. the small
fourteenth century building was used as a barn to house animals prior to
Charlotte Boyd's desire to restore it. Before her plan materialized, she became
a Catholic, and in the 1890's bought the chapel and donated it to Downside
Abbey. The Guild of Our Lady of Ransom took care of the restorations, and carved
the statue of a standing Virgin and Child was given the place of honor. That
statue is now in King's Lynn.
A century ago, August 20, 1897, a
procession of pilgrims from King's Lynn to the Slipper Chapel marked the renewal
of public devotion to Our Lady of Walsingham. But for a generation or more the
Catholic Church showed little enthusiasm for the shrine. The reason given was
that during the nineteenth century many Catholics in England and Ireland were
not pleased with attempts by Cardinal Manning and others to promote public
devotions, processions, and rituals. The faithful were accustomed to a more
reserved expression of prayer. The recusant families considered such practices
as "un-English" imports from abroad. Consequently the restored shrine of
Walsingham had little impact initially on English.
It lay dormant for nearly 400 years, just the monastic ruins remaining as a
witness to its former life. In 1922, the parish priest at the church of St. Mary
in Walsingham, Fr. Hope Patten, caused to have made a statue of Our lady of
Walsingham. He had discovered in the British Museum a medieval seal of the old
monastery, and at its center was an image of our Lady -- presumably a
representation of the image that had been destroyed at the Reformation. This
statue was placed in the parish church, and at once pilgrims returned once more
seeking the blessings of pre-Reformation Walsingham. By 1931 the numbers had
become too many for the parish church to cope with and a new shrine church was
built, with the Holy House at its center and the image above its altar. So the
Shrine of our Lady of Walsingham was reborn, and in our own time it continues to
draw thousands each year who, like the medieval predecessors come to discover
the reality of “god with us,” and the effects of God’s loving and healing Grace
In August 1934 Cardinal Bourne led the Catholic bishops of England and Wales and
ten thousand pilgrims to the Slipper Chapel, and from this date it became the
official Roman Catholic National Shrine. The four hundredth anniversary of the
shrine's destruction was commemorated in 1938 by a Pilgrimage of Catholic Youth,
and in 1948 fourteen oak crosses were set up in the garden. There is a tradition
for pilgrims to walk the last mile here barefoot.
Many thousands of people have visited the Shrine - some come out of a spiritual
need for the atmosphere of peace that seems to emanate from the Chapels, some
for aesthetic reasons, whilst others merely stumble across us, nestled away in
this secluded Norfolk valley.
In 1897 Pope Leo XIII re-founded the ancient
shrine of Our Lady of Walsingham, and pilgrimages are permitted to resume.
Prayer to Our Lady
O blessed Virgin Mary, Our Lady
of Walsingham, Mother of God and our most gentle Queen and Mother, look
down in mercy upon us, our parish, our country, our homes, and our
families, and upon all who greatly hope and trust in your prayers,
(especially...) By you it was that Jesus, our Savior and Hope, was given
to the world; and He has given you to us that we may hope still more.
Plead for us your children, whom you did receive and accept at the foot
of the Cross, O sorrowful Mother. Intercede for our separated brethren,
that with us in the one true fold they may be united to the Chief
Shepherd, the Vicar of your Son. Pray for us all, dear Mother, that by
faith fruitful in good works we all may be made worthy to see and praise
God, together with you in our heavenly home.
To contact the Roman Catholic Shrine:
The Shrine Office
Telephone: (0328) 820 255
The National Shrine of Our Lady
Walsingham, NR22 6EG
Tel: (01328) 820 217
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