Saint Augustine of Hippo
Son of Saint Monica
Feastday: August 28
Also known as: Aurelius Augustinus, Augustine of Hippo, Austin
Saint Augustine was born on November 13, 354, in Tagaste, North Africa, some forty miles from the port city of Hippo, in the department of Constantine. His father, Patricius was a burgess of this town, and was still a pagan at the time of his son's birth. His mother, Saint Monica, was not only a Christian, but a woman of the most elevated, tender, and devoted piety, whose patient prayerfulness for both her husband and son.
As a youth Augustine lived a hedonistic lifestyle for a time, and in Carthage, he developed a relationship with a young woman who would be his concubine for over fifteen years, with whom he had a son. Saint Monica sent Augustine to a bishop to be convinced of his errors. The bishop, however, was unable to prevail, and he advised Saint Monica simply to continue to pray for her son. He told her: "It is impossible that the son of so many tears should perish". Monica then prayed for the conversion of her son, Augustine.
In Milan Monica found Saint Ambrose and through him she ultimately had the joy of seeing Augustine yield, after seventeen years of resistance. Mother and son spent six months of true peace at Cassiacum, after which time Augustine was baptized in the church of Saint John the Baptist at Milan, at the age of 28, on Easter Eve in 387.
In 391, Augustine was reluctantly ordained as a priest by the congregation of Hippo Regius, a not uncommon practice in Northern Africa, and in 395 he was made Bishop. Augustine died on August 28, 430, during the siege of Hippo by the Vandals. He is said to have encouraged its citizens to resist the attacks, primarily on the grounds that the Vandals adhered to the Arian heresy. His most famous works are Confessions, De Trinitate and De Civitate Dei. His notions of God's grace, free will and Original Sin had a great influence on Christian theology.
Saint Augustine died in
the late fourth century. At that time, saints were proclaimed by common
acclamation of the Catholic people, as ratified by their local bishop. Rome did
not have a big part to play in beatifications or canonizations until the
eleventh century. I don't know if Pope Saint Siricius (384-399) beatified or
canonized Saint Monica. Later popes certainly accepted her canonization as a
fact. In the early centuries, canonization was much more informal and a kind of
general, grassroots recognition by the Catholic population that a person was
holy and a model for Christian living.
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