Twelve Apostles of Jesus
Nobody knows for sure just how long Jesus'
ministry, teaching and travelling throughout Israel, lasted. Some say three
years, others as little as one.
Jesus chose his closest followers very carefully. He needed people he could
trust to send out his message and to continue the work when he was no longer
around to lead the nascent Christian movement. The word "disciple" refers to a
"learner" or "follower." The word "apostle" refers to "one who is sent out."
While Jesus was on earth, the twelve were called disciples. The 12 disciples
followed Jesus Christ, learned from Him, and were trained by Him.
After Jesus' resurrection and ascension, Jesus
sent the disciples out (Matthew 28:18-20; Acts 1:8) to be His witnesses. They
were then referred to as the twelve apostles.
The names of the twelve apostles are:
- Simon Peter (brother of Andrew) -
He was active in bringing people to Jesus - Bible writer
(son of Zebedee and older brother of John) also
called "James the Greater" - Bible writer
- John (son of Zebedee and brother of
James) - Bible writer
(brother of Simon Peter) - He was active in bringing people to Jesus.
- Philip of Bethsaida
- Thomas (Didymus)
- Bartholomew (Nathaniel) - He was
one of the disciples to whom Jesus appeared at the Sea of Tiberias after His
resurrection. He was also a witness of the Ascension.
- Matthew (Levi) of Capernaum
- James (son of Alphaeus)
also called "James the Lesser" - Bible writer
- Simon the Zealot (the Canaanite)
- Thaddaeus-Judas (Lebbaeus), brother
of James the Lesser and brother of Matthew (Levi)
- Judas Iscariot, who also
Paul, the second important founder of Christianity is Paul of Tarsus,
originally Saul of Tarsus, also called the 13th apostle. Saint Paul was born
about the same time as Our Lord. He called himself the Apostle to the
Gentiles. Paul did not know Jesus in life but was converted by a miraculous
event known as the Road to Damascus. Saul, the Jew, hated and persecuted
Christians as heretical, even assisting at the stoning of Saint Stephen the
Their mission was to go far and wide as eye-witnesses of what had happened in
Judea. They would travel to distant lands and tell people everywhere about the
wonderful promise God was making to all men everywhere – that if people would
believe in the Lord., repent and be baptized, and turn their lives
toward God, they would be saved, to live with the Lord forever. These twelve
apostles were, in a very real sense, ambassadors or emissaries for the Kingdom
of God to the various lands into which they went.
The New Testament tells the end of only
two apostles: Judas, who betrayed Jesus and then killed himself; and James the
son of Zebedee, who was executed by Herod. Even though there are numerous
reports and legends of how their lives ended, they did suffer greatly for their
witness. After the Ascension of Our Lord, His followers in Jerusalem chose a
replacement for Judas. The man chosen was Matthias, "and he was numbered with
Please see also The Disciples Series: 12 Men That
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